At a critical juncture of the history of South India, the Telugus produced two great warrior-leaders. Musunuri Prolaya Nayaka and Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka. From 1323 to 1366 CE these two shining personages rescued the Telugu land and culture from the invading Turkish Muslim forces and set the stage for the rise of the native Hindu resistance against further invasions besides laying firm foundation for future movements of Hindu rejuvenation. The Reddi kingdom, the Vijayanagara kingdom and later the Hindupadpadshahi of Shivaji were all inspired by this shining torch of national resistance kindled by the Musunuri Nayaks. These kings, Prolaya and Kapaya will forever cherished by the Hindu nation and particularly by the Telugu people.